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Ebeveynliğe Geçiş Dönemindeki Evli Bireylerin Evlilik İlişkilerini Geliştirme Programının Evlilik Doyumuna Etkisi

Yıl 2019, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, 1346 - 1366, 30.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.513869

Öz

Bu araştırma, Ebeveynliğe Geçiş Dönemindeki Evli Bireylerin Evlilik İlişkilerini Geliştirme Programının ilk bebeklerini bekleyen çiftlerin evlilik doyumu düzeylerine etkisini sınamak amacıyla yapılmıştır. “Ön Test- Son Test Kontrol Grup Deseni” kullanılan çalışmada, bir deney ve bir kontrol grubu oluşturulmuştur. Çalışma deney grubunda 6 çift ve kontrol grubunda 6 çift olmak üzere toplam 12 çift ile (n=24) gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmada, evlilik doyumu düzeylerini belirlemek amacıyla “Evlilik Doyumu Ölçeği” kullanılmıştır. Ebeveynliğe Geçiş Dönemindeki Evli Bireylerin Evlilik İlişkilerini Geliştirme Programı, 8 grup oturumu ve 2 izleme oturumu içermektedir. Elde edilen bulgulara göre; deney ve kontrol gruplarının son test ve izleme testi puanlarının anlamlı ölçüde farklılık gösterdiği, deney grubundaki çiftlerin evlilik doyumlarının anlamlı ölçüde daha yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Sonuçlar, evlilik ilişkisini geliştirme programının evlilik doyumunu doğum öncesinde artırmada, doğum sonrasında ise korumada etkili olduğunu göstermiştir. 

Kaynakça

  • Belsky, J. (1985). Exploring individual differences in marital change across the transition to parenthood: The role of violated expectations. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 47 (4), 1037- 1044. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/352348
  • Belsky, J., Lang, M. & Huston, T. L. (1986). Sex-typing and discussion of labor as determinants of marital change across the transition to parenthood. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 50 (3), 517-522. Doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.517
  • Belsky, J., Lang, M. & Rovine, M. (1985). Stability and change in marriage across the transition to parenthood: A second study. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 47 (4), 855-865. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/352329
  • Belsky, J., Spanier, G. B. & Rovine, M. (1983). Stability and change in marriage across the transition to parenthood. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 45 (3), 567−577. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/351661
  • Bradbury, T. N. & Karney, B. R. (2004). Understanding and altering the longitudinal course of marriage. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 66 (4), 862–879. Doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00059.x
  • Brugha, T. S., Wheatley, S., Taub, N. A. Culverwell, A., Friedman, T., Kirwan, P., Jones, D. R. & Shapiro, D. A. (2000). Pragmatic randomized trial of an antenatal intervention to prevent post-natal depression by reducing psychosocial risk factors. Psychological Medicine, 30 (6), 1273-1281. Retrieved 06.09.2016, from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/issue
  • Bryan, A. A. M. (1995).Effect of community based intervention on relationship quality in expectant parent couples. Ph. D thesis, The University of Minnesota The Faculty of The Graduate School, United States.
  • Buist, A., Westley, D. & Hill, C. (1999). Antenatal prevention of postnatal depression. Arch Women’s Mental Health, 1, 1-7. Doi:10.1007/s007370050024
  • Buzzard-Speights, E. (2012). The transition to parenthood: A qualitative study exploring the experiences and perceptions of certified bringing baby home workshop instructors. Ph. D thesis, The Texas Woman’s University College of Professional Education, Texas.
  • Canel, A. N. (2007). Ailede problem çözme, evlilik doyumu ve örnek bir grup çalışmasının sınanması. Doktora tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Chabrol, H., Teissedre, F., Saint-Jean, M., Teisseyre, N., Roge, B. & Mullet, E. (2002). Prevention and treatment of post-partum depression. A controlled randomized study on women at risk. Psychological Medicine, 32 (6), 1039-1047. Doi: 10.1017}S0033291702006062
  • Cowan, C. P. & Cowan, P. A. (1987). Men’s involvenet in parenthood: Identifying the antecedents and understanding the barriers. In P. Berman & F. Pedersen (Eds.), Men’s transition to parenthood: Longitudinal studies of early family experience (pp. 145-174). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Cowan, C. P. & Cowan, P. A. (1995). Interventions to ease the transition to parenthood: Why they are needed and what they can do. National Council on Family Relations, 44, 412−423. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/584997
  • Cowan, C. P. & Cowan, P. A. (2000). When partners become parents: The big life change for couples. Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Cowan, C.P., Cowan, P.A., Heming, G., Garrett, E., Coysh, W., Curtis-Boles, H. & Boles, A. (1985). Transitions to parenthood: His, hers, and theirs. Journal of Family Issues, 6 (4), 451-482. Doi: 10.1177/019251385006004004
  • Duran, Ş. (2010). Evlilik öncesi ilişki geliştirme programının romantik ilişkiler yaşayan üniversite öğrencilerinin iletişim becerileri, çatışma iletişim tarzları ve ilişki istikrarları üzerine etkisinin incelenmesi. Yüksek lisans tezi, Gaziantep Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Gaziantep.
  • Elliott, S. A., Leverton, T. J., Sanjack, M., Turner, H., Cowmeadow, P., Hopkins, J. & Bushnell, D. (2000). Promoting mental health after childbirth: A controlled trial of primary prevention of postnatal depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 223-241. Doi: 10.1348/014466500163248
  • Feeney, J. A., Hohaus, L., Noller, P. & Alexander, R. P. (2001). Becoming parents: Exploring the bonds between mothers, fathers, and their infants (pp. 2-17). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://books.google.com/books
  • Feldman, S. S. (1987). Predicting strain in mothers and fathers of 6-month-old infants: A short- term longitudinal study. In P. Berman & F. Pedersen (Eds.), Men’s transition to parenthood: Longitudinal studies of early family experience (pp. 13-35). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Florsheim, P., Sumida, E., McCann, C., Winstanley, M., Fukui, R., Seefeldt, T. & Moore, D. (2003). The transition to parenthood among young African American and Latino couples: Relational predictors of risk for parental dysfunction. Journal of Family Psychology, 17 (1), 65−79. Doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.17.1.65
  • Goldberg, W. A., Michaels, G. & Lamb, M. E. (1985). Husbands' and wives' adjustment to pregnancy and first parenthood. Journal of Family Issues, 6 (4), 483-503. Doi: 10.1177/019251385006004005
  • Gorman, L. L. (1997). Prevention of postpartum adjustment difficulties. Ph. D thesis, The University of Iowa, Psychology in the Graduate College, U.S.A.
  • Gottlieb, B. H. & Pancer, S. M. (1988). Social networks and the transition to parenthood. In G. Y. Michaels & W. A. Goldberg (Eds.), The transition to parenthood: Current theory and research (pp. 235-269). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gottman, J. & De Claire, J. (2001). The relationship cure: A 5 Step guide to strengthening your marriage, family and friendships. New York: Three Rivers Press.
  • Gottman, J. M. & Gottman, J. S. (2007). And baby makes tree: The six-step plan for preserving marital intimacy and rekindling romance after baby arrives. United States: Crown Publishers.
  • Gottman, J. M. & Notarius, C. I. (2000). Decade review: Observing marital interaction. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 927−947. Doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00927.x
  • Gottman, J. & Silver, N. (2002). Evliliği sürdürmenin yedi ilkesi. İstanbul: Varlık yayınları.
  • Halbreich, U. (2005). Postpartum disorders: Multiple interacting underlying mechanisms and risk factors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 88 (1), 1−7. Doi:10.1016/j.jad.2005.05.002
  • Halford, W. K. (2011).Marriage and relationship education: What works and how to provide it. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Hawkins, A., Fawcett, E., Carroll, J. & Gilliland, T. (2006). The marriage moments program for couples transitioning to parenthood: Divergent conclusions from formative and outcome evaluation data. Journal of Family Psychology, 20 (4), 561−570. Doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.20.4.561
  • Hoffbrand, S. E., Howard, L. & Crawley, H. (2001). Antidepressant treatment for post-natal depression (Review). The Cochrane Library, 2. Doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002018
  • Jordan, P. L., Stanley, S. & Markman, H. (1999). Becoming parents: How to strengthen your marriage as your family grows. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Retrieved 11.10.2016, from https://www.amazon.com/Becoming-Parents-Strengthen-Marriage-Family/dp/0787955523
  • Kalkan, M. (2002). Evlilik ilişkisini geliştirme programının evlilerin evlilik uyum düzeylerine etkisi. Doktora tezi, Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Samsun.
  • Kalkan, M., Yalçın, İ. & Hamamcı, Z. (2012). Evlilik öncesi psikolojik danışmada alıştırmalar. M. Kalkan & Z. Hamamcı (Eds.), Evlilik öncesi psikolojik danışma içinde (ss.163-186). Ankara: Anı yayıncılık.
  • Lovejoy, K. (2004). Marriage moments: An evaluation of an approach to strengthen couples’ relationships during the transition to parenthood: In the context of a home visitation program. Master's thesis, Brigham Young University School of Family Life, U.S.A.
  • Lower, L. M. (2005). Couples with young children. In M. Harvey (Ed.), Handbook of Couples Therapy (pp. 44-60). Hoboken, US: Wiley. Retrieved 24.06.2016, from http://books.google.com/books
  • McCubbin, H. I. & McCubbin, M. A. (1988). Typologies of resilient families: Emerging roles of social class and ethnicity. Family Relations, 37 (3), 247-254. Retrieved 02.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/584557
  • Midmer, D., Wilson, L. & Cummings, S. (1995). A randomized controlled trial of the influence of prenatal parenting education on postpartum anxiety and marital adjustment. Family Medicine, 27, 200−205. Retrieved 06.09.2016, from http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/7774781
  • Petch, J. (2006). The couple CARE for parents program: Enhancing couple relationships across the transition to parenthood. Ph. D thesis, Griffith University School of Psychology, Australia.
  • Petch, J. & Halford, W. K. (2008). Psycho-education to enhance couples’ transition to parenthood. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 1125–1137. Doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2008.03.005
  • Schulz, M. S., Cowan, P. A. & Cowan, C. P. (2006). Promoting healthy beginnings: A randomized controlled trial of a preventive intervention to preserve marital quality during the transition to parenthood. Journal of Clinical & Consulting Psychology, 74 (1), 20-31. Doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.1.20
  • Shapiro, A. F. & Gottman, J. M. (2005). Effects on marriage of a psycho-education intervention with couples undergoing the transition to parenthood, evaluation at 1-year post-intervention. TheJournal of Family Communication, 5 (1), 1-24. Doi: 10.1207/s15327698jfc0501_1
  • Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (1992). Assessing commitment in personal relationships. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 54, 595-608. Retrieved 18.01.2017, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/353245
  • Yalçın, İ. (2010). İlişki geliştirme programının üniversite öğrencilerinin ilişki doyum düzeylerine etkisi. Doktora tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Yılmaz, T. (2009). Evlilik öncesi ilişki geliştirme programının çiftlerin ilişki doyum düzeylerine etkisi. Yüksek lisans tezi, Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Samsun.
  • Zlotnick, C., Johnson, S. L., Miller, I., Pearlstein, T. & Howard, M. (2001). Postpartum depression in women receiving public assistance: Pilot study of an interpersonal-therapy-oriented group intervention. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158 (4), 638-640. Doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.4.638

The Impact of “Marital Relationships Enrichment Program for Couples in the Period of Transition to Parenthood” on Marital Satisfaction

Yıl 2019, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, 1346 - 1366, 30.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.513869

Öz

This study was implemented for the purpose of examining the impact of “Marital Relationships Enrichment Program for Couples in the Period of Transition to Parenthood” on marital satisfaction levels of couples expecting their first child. In the study using a “Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design”, an experimental and a control group were formed. The study was carried out with a total of 12 couples (n=24), 6 in the experimental group and 6 in the control group. In the study, “Marital Satisfaction Scale” was applied to the participants in order to measure their marital satisfaction levels. The Marital Relationships Enrichment Program for Couples in the Period of Transition to Parenthood consists of 8 group sessions and 2 follow-up sessions. According to the findings acquired; it was determined that post-test and follow-up test scores of the experimental and control group differed significantly and the couples in the experimental group had significantly higher marital satisfaction levels than those in the control group. The results showed that the marital relationships enrichment program is effective on increasing marital satisfaction before birth and protecting it after birth.  

Kaynakça

  • Belsky, J. (1985). Exploring individual differences in marital change across the transition to parenthood: The role of violated expectations. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 47 (4), 1037- 1044. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/352348
  • Belsky, J., Lang, M. & Huston, T. L. (1986). Sex-typing and discussion of labor as determinants of marital change across the transition to parenthood. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 50 (3), 517-522. Doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.517
  • Belsky, J., Lang, M. & Rovine, M. (1985). Stability and change in marriage across the transition to parenthood: A second study. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 47 (4), 855-865. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/352329
  • Belsky, J., Spanier, G. B. & Rovine, M. (1983). Stability and change in marriage across the transition to parenthood. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 45 (3), 567−577. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/351661
  • Bradbury, T. N. & Karney, B. R. (2004). Understanding and altering the longitudinal course of marriage. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 66 (4), 862–879. Doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00059.x
  • Brugha, T. S., Wheatley, S., Taub, N. A. Culverwell, A., Friedman, T., Kirwan, P., Jones, D. R. & Shapiro, D. A. (2000). Pragmatic randomized trial of an antenatal intervention to prevent post-natal depression by reducing psychosocial risk factors. Psychological Medicine, 30 (6), 1273-1281. Retrieved 06.09.2016, from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/issue
  • Bryan, A. A. M. (1995).Effect of community based intervention on relationship quality in expectant parent couples. Ph. D thesis, The University of Minnesota The Faculty of The Graduate School, United States.
  • Buist, A., Westley, D. & Hill, C. (1999). Antenatal prevention of postnatal depression. Arch Women’s Mental Health, 1, 1-7. Doi:10.1007/s007370050024
  • Buzzard-Speights, E. (2012). The transition to parenthood: A qualitative study exploring the experiences and perceptions of certified bringing baby home workshop instructors. Ph. D thesis, The Texas Woman’s University College of Professional Education, Texas.
  • Canel, A. N. (2007). Ailede problem çözme, evlilik doyumu ve örnek bir grup çalışmasının sınanması. Doktora tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Chabrol, H., Teissedre, F., Saint-Jean, M., Teisseyre, N., Roge, B. & Mullet, E. (2002). Prevention and treatment of post-partum depression. A controlled randomized study on women at risk. Psychological Medicine, 32 (6), 1039-1047. Doi: 10.1017}S0033291702006062
  • Cowan, C. P. & Cowan, P. A. (1987). Men’s involvenet in parenthood: Identifying the antecedents and understanding the barriers. In P. Berman & F. Pedersen (Eds.), Men’s transition to parenthood: Longitudinal studies of early family experience (pp. 145-174). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Cowan, C. P. & Cowan, P. A. (1995). Interventions to ease the transition to parenthood: Why they are needed and what they can do. National Council on Family Relations, 44, 412−423. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/584997
  • Cowan, C. P. & Cowan, P. A. (2000). When partners become parents: The big life change for couples. Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Cowan, C.P., Cowan, P.A., Heming, G., Garrett, E., Coysh, W., Curtis-Boles, H. & Boles, A. (1985). Transitions to parenthood: His, hers, and theirs. Journal of Family Issues, 6 (4), 451-482. Doi: 10.1177/019251385006004004
  • Duran, Ş. (2010). Evlilik öncesi ilişki geliştirme programının romantik ilişkiler yaşayan üniversite öğrencilerinin iletişim becerileri, çatışma iletişim tarzları ve ilişki istikrarları üzerine etkisinin incelenmesi. Yüksek lisans tezi, Gaziantep Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Gaziantep.
  • Elliott, S. A., Leverton, T. J., Sanjack, M., Turner, H., Cowmeadow, P., Hopkins, J. & Bushnell, D. (2000). Promoting mental health after childbirth: A controlled trial of primary prevention of postnatal depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 223-241. Doi: 10.1348/014466500163248
  • Feeney, J. A., Hohaus, L., Noller, P. & Alexander, R. P. (2001). Becoming parents: Exploring the bonds between mothers, fathers, and their infants (pp. 2-17). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 01.09.2016, from http://books.google.com/books
  • Feldman, S. S. (1987). Predicting strain in mothers and fathers of 6-month-old infants: A short- term longitudinal study. In P. Berman & F. Pedersen (Eds.), Men’s transition to parenthood: Longitudinal studies of early family experience (pp. 13-35). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Florsheim, P., Sumida, E., McCann, C., Winstanley, M., Fukui, R., Seefeldt, T. & Moore, D. (2003). The transition to parenthood among young African American and Latino couples: Relational predictors of risk for parental dysfunction. Journal of Family Psychology, 17 (1), 65−79. Doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.17.1.65
  • Goldberg, W. A., Michaels, G. & Lamb, M. E. (1985). Husbands' and wives' adjustment to pregnancy and first parenthood. Journal of Family Issues, 6 (4), 483-503. Doi: 10.1177/019251385006004005
  • Gorman, L. L. (1997). Prevention of postpartum adjustment difficulties. Ph. D thesis, The University of Iowa, Psychology in the Graduate College, U.S.A.
  • Gottlieb, B. H. & Pancer, S. M. (1988). Social networks and the transition to parenthood. In G. Y. Michaels & W. A. Goldberg (Eds.), The transition to parenthood: Current theory and research (pp. 235-269). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gottman, J. & De Claire, J. (2001). The relationship cure: A 5 Step guide to strengthening your marriage, family and friendships. New York: Three Rivers Press.
  • Gottman, J. M. & Gottman, J. S. (2007). And baby makes tree: The six-step plan for preserving marital intimacy and rekindling romance after baby arrives. United States: Crown Publishers.
  • Gottman, J. M. & Notarius, C. I. (2000). Decade review: Observing marital interaction. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 927−947. Doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00927.x
  • Gottman, J. & Silver, N. (2002). Evliliği sürdürmenin yedi ilkesi. İstanbul: Varlık yayınları.
  • Halbreich, U. (2005). Postpartum disorders: Multiple interacting underlying mechanisms and risk factors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 88 (1), 1−7. Doi:10.1016/j.jad.2005.05.002
  • Halford, W. K. (2011).Marriage and relationship education: What works and how to provide it. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Hawkins, A., Fawcett, E., Carroll, J. & Gilliland, T. (2006). The marriage moments program for couples transitioning to parenthood: Divergent conclusions from formative and outcome evaluation data. Journal of Family Psychology, 20 (4), 561−570. Doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.20.4.561
  • Hoffbrand, S. E., Howard, L. & Crawley, H. (2001). Antidepressant treatment for post-natal depression (Review). The Cochrane Library, 2. Doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002018
  • Jordan, P. L., Stanley, S. & Markman, H. (1999). Becoming parents: How to strengthen your marriage as your family grows. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Retrieved 11.10.2016, from https://www.amazon.com/Becoming-Parents-Strengthen-Marriage-Family/dp/0787955523
  • Kalkan, M. (2002). Evlilik ilişkisini geliştirme programının evlilerin evlilik uyum düzeylerine etkisi. Doktora tezi, Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Samsun.
  • Kalkan, M., Yalçın, İ. & Hamamcı, Z. (2012). Evlilik öncesi psikolojik danışmada alıştırmalar. M. Kalkan & Z. Hamamcı (Eds.), Evlilik öncesi psikolojik danışma içinde (ss.163-186). Ankara: Anı yayıncılık.
  • Lovejoy, K. (2004). Marriage moments: An evaluation of an approach to strengthen couples’ relationships during the transition to parenthood: In the context of a home visitation program. Master's thesis, Brigham Young University School of Family Life, U.S.A.
  • Lower, L. M. (2005). Couples with young children. In M. Harvey (Ed.), Handbook of Couples Therapy (pp. 44-60). Hoboken, US: Wiley. Retrieved 24.06.2016, from http://books.google.com/books
  • McCubbin, H. I. & McCubbin, M. A. (1988). Typologies of resilient families: Emerging roles of social class and ethnicity. Family Relations, 37 (3), 247-254. Retrieved 02.09.2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/584557
  • Midmer, D., Wilson, L. & Cummings, S. (1995). A randomized controlled trial of the influence of prenatal parenting education on postpartum anxiety and marital adjustment. Family Medicine, 27, 200−205. Retrieved 06.09.2016, from http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/7774781
  • Petch, J. (2006). The couple CARE for parents program: Enhancing couple relationships across the transition to parenthood. Ph. D thesis, Griffith University School of Psychology, Australia.
  • Petch, J. & Halford, W. K. (2008). Psycho-education to enhance couples’ transition to parenthood. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 1125–1137. Doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2008.03.005
  • Schulz, M. S., Cowan, P. A. & Cowan, C. P. (2006). Promoting healthy beginnings: A randomized controlled trial of a preventive intervention to preserve marital quality during the transition to parenthood. Journal of Clinical & Consulting Psychology, 74 (1), 20-31. Doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.1.20
  • Shapiro, A. F. & Gottman, J. M. (2005). Effects on marriage of a psycho-education intervention with couples undergoing the transition to parenthood, evaluation at 1-year post-intervention. TheJournal of Family Communication, 5 (1), 1-24. Doi: 10.1207/s15327698jfc0501_1
  • Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (1992). Assessing commitment in personal relationships. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 54, 595-608. Retrieved 18.01.2017, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/353245
  • Yalçın, İ. (2010). İlişki geliştirme programının üniversite öğrencilerinin ilişki doyum düzeylerine etkisi. Doktora tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Yılmaz, T. (2009). Evlilik öncesi ilişki geliştirme programının çiftlerin ilişki doyum düzeylerine etkisi. Yüksek lisans tezi, Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Samsun.
  • Zlotnick, C., Johnson, S. L., Miller, I., Pearlstein, T. & Howard, M. (2001). Postpartum depression in women receiving public assistance: Pilot study of an interpersonal-therapy-oriented group intervention. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158 (4), 638-640. Doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.4.638

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Meryem VURAL BATIK (Sorumlu Yazar)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7836-7289
Türkiye


Melek KALKAN Bu kişi benim
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
orcid.org/0000-0002-1280-5952
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 17 Ocak 2019
Kabul Tarihi 16 Mayıs 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 8, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Vural Batık, M. & Kalkan, M. (2019). The Impact of “Marital Relationships Enrichment Program for Couples in the Period of Transition to Parenthood” on Marital Satisfaction . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , 8 (2) , 1346-1366 . DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.513869
  • 13873 13860 13861 13864138631386513866 

  • 13867 13868 13869 13870 1387122476

Turkey Journal of Theological Studies is under the İtobiad.