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Enerji İçeceklerinin Çocuk Sağlığına Olumsuz Etkileri ve Sağlık Eğitimi

Yıl 2018, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 2012 - 2024, 30.09.2018
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.397634

Öz

Enerji içecekleri içeriğinde şeker, kafein ve bazı bitkisel takviyeler bulundurmaktadır. Enerji içecekleri, çocuk, adolesan ve genç yetişkinlere enerji ve performans için pazarlanırlar; bununla birlikte zihinsel ve fiziksel enerjinin arttırılması için destek sağlarlar. Bu derlemenin amacı çocuk, adolesan ve genç erişkinlerin enerji içeceklerine karşı bilgi ve tüketim özelliklerini, içeriklerinin etki ve beklenmeyen sonuçlarının eğitim faktörü ile değerlendirilmesidir. Enerji içeceklerinin sağlık üzerine etkilerine ilişkin yapılan taramalardan elde edilen bilgiler doğrultusunda enerji içecekleri ve çocuk sağlığına etkileri değerlendirilmiştir. Enerji içecekleri kullanılırken dikkatli olunmalıdır. Sağlık eğitimcileri, çocuk ve gençlerin enerji içeceklerini uygunsuz kullanımı ve beklenmeyen tehlikeli sonuçlarına karşı uyanık olmalı ve aileleri aşırı doz kullanım gibi potansiyel risklere karşı uyarmalıdır.

Kaynakça

  • Adan, A., & Serra‐Grabulosa, J. M. (2010). Effects of caffeine and glucose, alone and combined, on cognitive performance. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 25(4), 310-317. Alsunni, A. A. (2015). Energy drink consumption: beneficial and adverse health effects. International journal of health sciences, 9(4), 468. Babu, K. M., Church, R. J., & Lewander, W. (2008). Energy drinks: the new eye-opener for adolescents. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 9(1), 35-42. Bancalari, E. (2006). Caffeine for apnea of prematurity. In: Mass Medical Soc.Bedi, N., Dewan, P., & Gupta, P. (2014). Energy drinks: Potions of illusion. Indian pediatrics, 51(7), 529-533. Bulut, B., Beyhun, N. E., Topbaş, M., & Can, G. (2014). Energy drink use in university students and associated factors. Journal of community health, 39(5), 1004-1011. Cabot, S. (2014). The liver cleansing diet: SCB International.Clauson, K. A., Shields, K. M., McQueen, C. E., & Persad, N. (2008). Safety issues associated with commercially available energy drinks. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 48(3), e55-e67. Dikici, S., Saritas, A., Besir, F. H., Tasci, A. H., & Kandis, H. (2013). Do energy drinks cause epileptic seizure and ischemic stroke? The American journal of emergency medicine, 31(1), 274. e271-274. e274. Eppler, B., Patterson, T., Zhou, W., Millard, W., & Dawson, R. (1999). Kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats and the effect of dietary taurine (TAU) supplementation or deficiency. Amino Acids, 16(2), 133-147. Finnegan, D. (2003). The health effects of stimulant drinks. Nutrition Bulletin, 28(2), 147-155. Fugh-Berman, A. (2000). Herb-drug interactions. The Lancet, 355(9198), 134-138. Goldfarb, M., Tellier, C., & Thanassoulis, G. (2014). Review of published cases of adverse cardiovascular events after ingestion of energy drinks. The American journal of cardiology, 113(1), 168-172. González, W., Altieri, P., Alvarado, E., Banchs, H., Colón, E., Escobales, N., & Crespo, M. (2015). Celiac trunk and branches dissection due to energy drink consumption and heavy resistance exercise: case report and review of literature. Boletin de la Asociacion Medica de Puerto Rico, 107(1), 38-40. Gorby, H. E., Brownawell, A. M., & Falk, M. C. (2010). Do specific dietary constituents and supplements affect mental energy? Review of the evidence. Nutrition reviews, 68(12), 697-718. Hamilton, H. A., Boak, A., Ilie, G., & Mann, R. E. (2013). Energy drink consumption and associations with demographic characteristics, drug use and injury among adolescents. Can J Public Health, 104(7), e496-e501. Harland, B. F. (2000). Caffeine and nutrition. Nutrition, 16(7), 522-526. Heaney, R. (2002). Effects of caffeine on bone and the calcium economy. Food and chemical toxicology, 40(9), 1263-1270. Heatherley, S. V., Hancock, K. M., & Rogers, P. J. (2006). Psychostimulant and other effects of caffeine in 9‐to 11‐year‐old children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(2), 135-142. Heckman, M., Sherry, K., Mejia, D., & Gonzalez, E. (2010). Energy drinks: an assessment of their market size, consumer demographics, ingredient profile, functionality, and regulations in the United States. Comprehensive Reviews in food science and food safety, 9(3), 303-317. Heneman, K. (2007). Nutrition and health info sheet: Energy drinks: UCANR Publications.Hong, B., Ji, Y. H., Hong, J. H., Nam, K. Y., & Ahn, T. Y. (2002). A double-blind crossover study evaluating the efficacy of Korean red ginseng in patients with erectile dysfunction: a preliminary report. The Journal of urology, 168(5), 2070-2073. Hui, H., Tang, G., & Go, V. L. W. (2009). Hypoglycemic herbs and their action mechanisms. Chinese Medicine, 4(1), 11. Iovieno, N., Dalton, E. D., Fava, M., & Mischoulon, D. (2011). Second-tier natural antidepressants: review and critique. Journal of affective disorders, 130(3), 343-357. Jones, S. R., & Fernyhough, C. (2009). Caffeine, stress, and proneness to psychosis-like experiences: A preliminary investigation. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 562-564. Juliano, L. M., & Griffiths, R. R. (2004). A critical review of caffeine withdrawal: empirical validation of symptoms and signs, incidence, severity, and associated features. Psychopharmacology, 176(1), 1-29. Kearney, T., Tu, N., & Haller, C. (2010). Adverse drug events associated with yohimbine-containing products: a retrospective review of the California Poison Control System reported cases. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 44(6), 1022-1029. Krahn, D. D., Hasse, S., Ray, A., Gosnell, B., & Drewnowski, A. (1991). Caffeine consumption in patients with eating disorders. Psychiatric Services, 42(3), 313-315. Kristjansson, A. L., Sigfusdottir, I. D., Frost, S. S., & James, J. E. (2013). Adolescent caffeine consumption and self-reported violence and conduct disorder. Journal of youth and adolescence, 42(7), 1053-1062. Lee, J. (2011). Energy drinks vs. sports drinks: know thy difference. Prieiga per internetą: http://speedendurance. com/2009/07/09/ energy-drinks-vs-sports-drinks-know-thydifference. Accessed (ţiūrėta 2011 01 17). Lewis, J. E., Tiozzo, E., Melillo, A. B., Leonard, S., Chen, L., Mendez, A., . . . Konefal, J. (2013). The effect of methylated vitamin B complex on depressive and anxiety symptoms and quality of life in adults with depression. ISRN psychiatry, 2013. Lipshultz, S. E., Sleeper, L. A., Towbin, J. A., Lowe, A. M., Orav, E. J., Cox, G. F., . . . Messere, J. E. (2003). The incidence of pediatric cardiomyopathy in two regions of the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(17), 1647-1655. McCarthy, M. (2011). Overuse of energy drinks worries health pros. Prieiga per internetą: www. usatoday. com/sports/2009-07-01-Drinks_N. htm.(ţiūrėta 2011 01 17). Miller, K. E. (2008). Energy drinks, race, and problem behaviors among college students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(5), 490-497. Moreno, L. A., & Rodríguez, G. (2007). Dietary risk factors for development of childhood obesity. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care, 10(3), 336-341. Nitzke, S., Tanumihardjo, S., Salomon, J., & Coleman, G. (2011). Energy drinks, sports drinks, and other functional/enhanced beverages are often a waste of money. Retrieved January, 17, 2011. Özel, E., & Gökçe, K. (2006). Spor İçecekleri ve Dental Erozyon Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi. Pennay, A. E., & Lubman, D. I. (2012). Energy drinks: health risks and toxicity. The Medical Journal of Australia, 196(7), 442. Pizza, C., Rastrelli, L., Totaro, K., & De Simone, F. (1999). Paullinia cupana (guarana) determinazione degli alcaloidi xantinici per la valutazione della qualita di prodotti base di guarana. Il Guarana degli Indios Satere-Maue, 13-22. Reissig, C. J., Strain, E. C., & Griffiths, R. R. (2009). Caffeinated energy drinks—a growing problem. Drug and alcohol dependence, 99(1), 1-10. Seifert, S. M., Schaechter, J. L., Hershorin, E. R., & Lipshultz, S. E. (2011). Health effects of energy drinks on children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatrics, peds. 2009-3592. Simon, M. R., & Mosher, J. F. (2007). Alcohol, energy drinks, and youth: a dangerous mix: Marin Institute.Starling, S. (2011). Energy drinks safety questioned by German agency. Avail-51. Temple, J. L. (2009). Caffeine use in children: what we know, what we have left to learn, and why we should worry. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 33(6), 793-806. TGK. (2006). Türk Gıda Kodeksi Enerji İçecekleri Tebliği. Retrieved from http://www.kkgm.gov.tr/TGK/Teblig/2006-47.Weise, E. (2008). Petition calls for FDA to regulate energy drinks. USA Today. Wolk, B. J., Ganetsky, M., & Babu, K. M. (2012). Toxicity of energy drinks. Current opinion in pediatrics, 24(2), 243-251.

Negative Effects of Energy Drinks on Child Health and Health Education

Yıl 2018, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 2012 - 2024, 30.09.2018
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.397634

Öz

Energy drinks may contain caffeine, sugars and some herbal supplements. They are marketed for energy and performance to children, adolescent and young adults; together with support fort he enhancement of mental and physical energy. This study is a compilation examining the knowledge with consumption particularity of the target children, adolescents and young adults against energy drinks and the effect and unexpected results of their content with the education facto. It is concluded that although energy drink may have positive beneficial effects on exercise performance, these products also have possible negative health consuquences. So, health teachers should be taught children, adolescents and their family about the side effects and possible health effects that can ocur when energy drinks are consumed.

Kaynakça

  • Adan, A., & Serra‐Grabulosa, J. M. (2010). Effects of caffeine and glucose, alone and combined, on cognitive performance. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 25(4), 310-317. Alsunni, A. A. (2015). Energy drink consumption: beneficial and adverse health effects. International journal of health sciences, 9(4), 468. Babu, K. M., Church, R. J., & Lewander, W. (2008). Energy drinks: the new eye-opener for adolescents. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 9(1), 35-42. Bancalari, E. (2006). Caffeine for apnea of prematurity. In: Mass Medical Soc.Bedi, N., Dewan, P., & Gupta, P. (2014). Energy drinks: Potions of illusion. Indian pediatrics, 51(7), 529-533. Bulut, B., Beyhun, N. E., Topbaş, M., & Can, G. (2014). Energy drink use in university students and associated factors. Journal of community health, 39(5), 1004-1011. Cabot, S. (2014). The liver cleansing diet: SCB International.Clauson, K. A., Shields, K. M., McQueen, C. E., & Persad, N. (2008). Safety issues associated with commercially available energy drinks. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 48(3), e55-e67. Dikici, S., Saritas, A., Besir, F. H., Tasci, A. H., & Kandis, H. (2013). Do energy drinks cause epileptic seizure and ischemic stroke? The American journal of emergency medicine, 31(1), 274. e271-274. e274. Eppler, B., Patterson, T., Zhou, W., Millard, W., & Dawson, R. (1999). Kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats and the effect of dietary taurine (TAU) supplementation or deficiency. Amino Acids, 16(2), 133-147. Finnegan, D. (2003). The health effects of stimulant drinks. Nutrition Bulletin, 28(2), 147-155. Fugh-Berman, A. (2000). Herb-drug interactions. The Lancet, 355(9198), 134-138. Goldfarb, M., Tellier, C., & Thanassoulis, G. (2014). Review of published cases of adverse cardiovascular events after ingestion of energy drinks. The American journal of cardiology, 113(1), 168-172. González, W., Altieri, P., Alvarado, E., Banchs, H., Colón, E., Escobales, N., & Crespo, M. (2015). Celiac trunk and branches dissection due to energy drink consumption and heavy resistance exercise: case report and review of literature. Boletin de la Asociacion Medica de Puerto Rico, 107(1), 38-40. Gorby, H. E., Brownawell, A. M., & Falk, M. C. (2010). Do specific dietary constituents and supplements affect mental energy? Review of the evidence. Nutrition reviews, 68(12), 697-718. Hamilton, H. A., Boak, A., Ilie, G., & Mann, R. E. (2013). Energy drink consumption and associations with demographic characteristics, drug use and injury among adolescents. Can J Public Health, 104(7), e496-e501. Harland, B. F. (2000). Caffeine and nutrition. Nutrition, 16(7), 522-526. Heaney, R. (2002). Effects of caffeine on bone and the calcium economy. Food and chemical toxicology, 40(9), 1263-1270. Heatherley, S. V., Hancock, K. M., & Rogers, P. J. (2006). Psychostimulant and other effects of caffeine in 9‐to 11‐year‐old children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(2), 135-142. Heckman, M., Sherry, K., Mejia, D., & Gonzalez, E. (2010). Energy drinks: an assessment of their market size, consumer demographics, ingredient profile, functionality, and regulations in the United States. Comprehensive Reviews in food science and food safety, 9(3), 303-317. Heneman, K. (2007). Nutrition and health info sheet: Energy drinks: UCANR Publications.Hong, B., Ji, Y. H., Hong, J. H., Nam, K. Y., & Ahn, T. Y. (2002). A double-blind crossover study evaluating the efficacy of Korean red ginseng in patients with erectile dysfunction: a preliminary report. The Journal of urology, 168(5), 2070-2073. Hui, H., Tang, G., & Go, V. L. W. (2009). Hypoglycemic herbs and their action mechanisms. Chinese Medicine, 4(1), 11. Iovieno, N., Dalton, E. D., Fava, M., & Mischoulon, D. (2011). Second-tier natural antidepressants: review and critique. Journal of affective disorders, 130(3), 343-357. Jones, S. R., & Fernyhough, C. (2009). Caffeine, stress, and proneness to psychosis-like experiences: A preliminary investigation. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 562-564. Juliano, L. M., & Griffiths, R. R. (2004). A critical review of caffeine withdrawal: empirical validation of symptoms and signs, incidence, severity, and associated features. Psychopharmacology, 176(1), 1-29. Kearney, T., Tu, N., & Haller, C. (2010). Adverse drug events associated with yohimbine-containing products: a retrospective review of the California Poison Control System reported cases. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 44(6), 1022-1029. Krahn, D. D., Hasse, S., Ray, A., Gosnell, B., & Drewnowski, A. (1991). Caffeine consumption in patients with eating disorders. Psychiatric Services, 42(3), 313-315. Kristjansson, A. L., Sigfusdottir, I. D., Frost, S. S., & James, J. E. (2013). Adolescent caffeine consumption and self-reported violence and conduct disorder. Journal of youth and adolescence, 42(7), 1053-1062. Lee, J. (2011). Energy drinks vs. sports drinks: know thy difference. Prieiga per internetą: http://speedendurance. com/2009/07/09/ energy-drinks-vs-sports-drinks-know-thydifference. Accessed (ţiūrėta 2011 01 17). Lewis, J. E., Tiozzo, E., Melillo, A. B., Leonard, S., Chen, L., Mendez, A., . . . Konefal, J. (2013). The effect of methylated vitamin B complex on depressive and anxiety symptoms and quality of life in adults with depression. ISRN psychiatry, 2013. Lipshultz, S. E., Sleeper, L. A., Towbin, J. A., Lowe, A. M., Orav, E. J., Cox, G. F., . . . Messere, J. E. (2003). The incidence of pediatric cardiomyopathy in two regions of the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(17), 1647-1655. McCarthy, M. (2011). Overuse of energy drinks worries health pros. Prieiga per internetą: www. usatoday. com/sports/2009-07-01-Drinks_N. htm.(ţiūrėta 2011 01 17). Miller, K. E. (2008). Energy drinks, race, and problem behaviors among college students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(5), 490-497. Moreno, L. A., & Rodríguez, G. (2007). Dietary risk factors for development of childhood obesity. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care, 10(3), 336-341. Nitzke, S., Tanumihardjo, S., Salomon, J., & Coleman, G. (2011). Energy drinks, sports drinks, and other functional/enhanced beverages are often a waste of money. Retrieved January, 17, 2011. Özel, E., & Gökçe, K. (2006). Spor İçecekleri ve Dental Erozyon Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi. Pennay, A. E., & Lubman, D. I. (2012). Energy drinks: health risks and toxicity. The Medical Journal of Australia, 196(7), 442. Pizza, C., Rastrelli, L., Totaro, K., & De Simone, F. (1999). Paullinia cupana (guarana) determinazione degli alcaloidi xantinici per la valutazione della qualita di prodotti base di guarana. Il Guarana degli Indios Satere-Maue, 13-22. Reissig, C. J., Strain, E. C., & Griffiths, R. R. (2009). Caffeinated energy drinks—a growing problem. Drug and alcohol dependence, 99(1), 1-10. Seifert, S. M., Schaechter, J. L., Hershorin, E. R., & Lipshultz, S. E. (2011). Health effects of energy drinks on children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatrics, peds. 2009-3592. Simon, M. R., & Mosher, J. F. (2007). Alcohol, energy drinks, and youth: a dangerous mix: Marin Institute.Starling, S. (2011). Energy drinks safety questioned by German agency. Avail-51. Temple, J. L. (2009). Caffeine use in children: what we know, what we have left to learn, and why we should worry. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 33(6), 793-806. TGK. (2006). Türk Gıda Kodeksi Enerji İçecekleri Tebliği. Retrieved from http://www.kkgm.gov.tr/TGK/Teblig/2006-47.Weise, E. (2008). Petition calls for FDA to regulate energy drinks. USA Today. Wolk, B. J., Ganetsky, M., & Babu, K. M. (2012). Toxicity of energy drinks. Current opinion in pediatrics, 24(2), 243-251.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Birsel MOLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Selçuk Üniversitesi Akşehir Kadir Yallagöz Sağlık Yüksekokulu
0000-0001-5144-286X
Türkiye


Melike BAŞ
0000-0002-2389-7696
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2018
Başvuru Tarihi 22 Şubat 2018
Kabul Tarihi 27 Ağustos 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 7, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Molu, B. & Baş, M. (2018). Enerji İçeceklerinin Çocuk Sağlığına Olumsuz Etkileri ve Sağlık Eğitimi . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , 7 (3) , 2012-2024 . DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.397634
  • 13873 13860 13861 13864138631386513866 

  • 13867 13868 13869 13870 1387122476

Turkey Journal of Theological Studies is under the İtobiad.