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Amerikan Kimliği ve Dış Politikasında Evanjelizmin İzleri: Sosyal-İnşacı Perspektiften ABD-İsrail İlişkileri

Yıl 2017, Cilt 6, Sayı 3, 2019 - 2037, 19.09.2017

Öz

Bu makale, dini kimliğin, özellikle Evanjelizmin Amerikan ulusal kimliği ve dış politikası üzerine etkilerini araştırmaktadır. Bu bağlamda, Evanjelizmin norm ve anlatılarının Amerika’nın uluslararası kimliğinin ve politikalarının oluşturucusu ve belirleyicisi olduğu hipotezini sınamak için, sosyal-inşacı perspektiften ABD-İsrail arasındaki özel ilişkiyi analiz etmeye odaklanmaktadır. Bu amaçla için öncelikle, Evanjelizmin kökenlerine ve dünya görüşüne açıklık getirilmektedir.  İkinci olarak bu inancın ve değerlerinin Amerikan ulusal kimliğinin inşasındaki rolü ve dış politikaya etkisi incelenmektedir. Son olarak, Beyaz Saray’da güçlü olan Amerikan Evanjelistlerinin dünya görüşü ve normlarına bakılarak Amerikan politikasında Yahudi halkı ve Yahudi devletinin ayrıcalıklı yeri saptanmaktadır. Böylelikle, İsrail devletinin kuruluşundan itibaren süren ABD ve İsrail arasındaki özel ilişkide dini değerlerin, normların ve anlatıların etkili olduğu ortaya konulmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Alteras, Isaac (1993), Eisenhower and Israel: US-Israeli Relations, 1953–1960. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
  • Amstutz, Mark R. (2014), Evangelicals and American Foreign Policy, NY: Oxford University Press
  • Anderson, Irvine H. (2005), Biblical interpretation and Middle East policy : the promised land, America, and Israel, 1917–2002, The University Press of Florida
  • Ariel, Yaakov S. (2000), Evangelizing the chosen people: missions to the Jews in America, 1880–2000, The University of North Carolina Press
  • Barnett, Michael N. (1996), “Identity and Alliences in the Middle East”, in The Culture of National Security, ed. Peter Katzenstein, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Ben-Zvi, Abraham (1998), Decade of transition : Eisenhower, Kennedy, and the origins of the American-Israeli alliance, Columbia University Press.
  • Byman, Daniel (2011), ’’Israel’s Pessimistic View of the Arab Spring’’, The Washington Quarterly 34, no. 3, Summer.
  • Choudhury, Moutusi P. (2015), “The Sacred and the Secular: Influence of Religion on George W. Bush’s Foreign Policy”, Jadavpur Journal of International Relations, 19 (2), 159-183.
  • Cohen, Michael J. (1990), Truman and Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Gentile, Emilio (2008), God’s democracy : American religion after September 11, Westport: Praeger Publishers
  • Jepperson, Ronald L., Wendt, A., and Katzenstein P.J. (1996), “Norms, Identity, and Culture in National Security”, in The Culture of National Security, ed. Peter Katzenstein, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Kengor, P. (2004). God and George W. Bush: A Spiritual Life. New York, Regan Books.
  • Kline, Scott (2004), “The Culture War Gone Global: ‘Family Values’ and the Shape of US Foreign Policy”, International Relations, Vol. 18(4): 453–466.
  • Marsden, Lee (2008), For God’s Sake: The Christian Right and US Foreign Policy, London: Zed Books.
  • Mauro, Danilo Di (2012), The UN and the Arab–Israeli conflict : American hegemony and UN intervention since 1947, NY: Routledge.
  • McGrath, Alister E. (1997), Christianity: An Introduction, Oxford:Blackwell.
  • Mead, Walter Russell, (2006) “God’s Country?: Evangelicals and U.S. Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, 85, September/October.
  • Miller, Steven (2016) “Between Hope and Despair: Obama and Evangelical Politics”, in Faith in the new millennium: the future of religion and American politics, eds. Matthew Avery Sutton and Darren Dochuk, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Murrin, John M. (2007) “Religion and Politics in America from First Setllements to Civil War”, in Religion and American Politics : from the Colonial Period to the Present, eds. Mark A. Noll and Luke E. Harlow, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Oren, Michael (2008), “Israel and the United States: The Special Bond Between Two Nations and Two Peoples”,Wall Street Journal, May 7. Renaud, Myriam (2017), “Myths Debunked: Why Did White Evangelical Christians Vote for Trump?” Available at: https://divinity.uchicago.edu/sightings/myths-debunked-why-did-white-evangelical-christians-vote-trump
  • Quandt, William B. (1993) Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967. Washington, DC.: The Brookings Institution.
  • Selengut, Charles (2015), Our Promised Land: Faith and Militant Zionism in Israeli Settlements, Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Schoenbaum, David (1993), The United States and the state of Israel, Oxford University Press
  • Shriver, Peggy (2006), Evangelicals and World Affairs, World Policy Journal, Fall, 52-58.
  • Spector, Stephen, 2009, Evangelicals and Israel : the story of American Christian Zionism, Oxford University Press
  • Steding, William (2014), Presidential Faith and Foreign Policy: Jimmy Carter the Disciple and Ronald Reagan the Alchemist, NY: Palsgrave Macmillan.
  • Thomas, Michael Tracy (2005), American policy toward Israel : the power and limits of beliefs, NY: Routledge.
  • Wald, Kenneth D. and Calhoun-Brown, Allison (2011), Religion and politics in the United States, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Waxman, Duv (2012) “The Real Problem in U.S.-Israeli Relations”, Center for Strategic and International Studies The Washington Quarterly, 35:2 pp. 71-87.
  • Zanotti, Jim (2017), Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief, Congressional Research Service, 7-5700, R44245.

The Traces of Evangelism in American Identity and Foreign Policy: The USA-Israel Relations from a Social-Constructivist Approach

Yıl 2017, Cilt 6, Sayı 3, 2019 - 2037, 19.09.2017

Öz

This article searches on the influences that religious identity, in particular Evangelism has on American national identity and foreign policy. To examine the main hypothesis that asserts Evangelical norms and narratives are constitutive and determinants of American inter-national identity and politics, it focuses on analyzing special relationship of the US-Israel from a social-constructivist approach. In accordance with this purpose, first of all it sheds a light on the origins of Evangelism and its world view. Secondly, it observes the role of this belief and its values in construction of American national identity and its effects on foreign policy. Lastly, it find outs the priviledged place of Jewish people and Jewish State in American politics by looking at the world view and norms of American Evangelists who have power in White House. By doing so, it reveals that religious values, norms and narratives have been effective in the special relations between the US and Israil since the foundation time of Israel state. 

Kaynakça

  • Alteras, Isaac (1993), Eisenhower and Israel: US-Israeli Relations, 1953–1960. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
  • Amstutz, Mark R. (2014), Evangelicals and American Foreign Policy, NY: Oxford University Press
  • Anderson, Irvine H. (2005), Biblical interpretation and Middle East policy : the promised land, America, and Israel, 1917–2002, The University Press of Florida
  • Ariel, Yaakov S. (2000), Evangelizing the chosen people: missions to the Jews in America, 1880–2000, The University of North Carolina Press
  • Barnett, Michael N. (1996), “Identity and Alliences in the Middle East”, in The Culture of National Security, ed. Peter Katzenstein, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Ben-Zvi, Abraham (1998), Decade of transition : Eisenhower, Kennedy, and the origins of the American-Israeli alliance, Columbia University Press.
  • Byman, Daniel (2011), ’’Israel’s Pessimistic View of the Arab Spring’’, The Washington Quarterly 34, no. 3, Summer.
  • Choudhury, Moutusi P. (2015), “The Sacred and the Secular: Influence of Religion on George W. Bush’s Foreign Policy”, Jadavpur Journal of International Relations, 19 (2), 159-183.
  • Cohen, Michael J. (1990), Truman and Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Gentile, Emilio (2008), God’s democracy : American religion after September 11, Westport: Praeger Publishers
  • Jepperson, Ronald L., Wendt, A., and Katzenstein P.J. (1996), “Norms, Identity, and Culture in National Security”, in The Culture of National Security, ed. Peter Katzenstein, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Kengor, P. (2004). God and George W. Bush: A Spiritual Life. New York, Regan Books.
  • Kline, Scott (2004), “The Culture War Gone Global: ‘Family Values’ and the Shape of US Foreign Policy”, International Relations, Vol. 18(4): 453–466.
  • Marsden, Lee (2008), For God’s Sake: The Christian Right and US Foreign Policy, London: Zed Books.
  • Mauro, Danilo Di (2012), The UN and the Arab–Israeli conflict : American hegemony and UN intervention since 1947, NY: Routledge.
  • McGrath, Alister E. (1997), Christianity: An Introduction, Oxford:Blackwell.
  • Mead, Walter Russell, (2006) “God’s Country?: Evangelicals and U.S. Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, 85, September/October.
  • Miller, Steven (2016) “Between Hope and Despair: Obama and Evangelical Politics”, in Faith in the new millennium: the future of religion and American politics, eds. Matthew Avery Sutton and Darren Dochuk, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Murrin, John M. (2007) “Religion and Politics in America from First Setllements to Civil War”, in Religion and American Politics : from the Colonial Period to the Present, eds. Mark A. Noll and Luke E. Harlow, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Oren, Michael (2008), “Israel and the United States: The Special Bond Between Two Nations and Two Peoples”,Wall Street Journal, May 7. Renaud, Myriam (2017), “Myths Debunked: Why Did White Evangelical Christians Vote for Trump?” Available at: https://divinity.uchicago.edu/sightings/myths-debunked-why-did-white-evangelical-christians-vote-trump
  • Quandt, William B. (1993) Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967. Washington, DC.: The Brookings Institution.
  • Selengut, Charles (2015), Our Promised Land: Faith and Militant Zionism in Israeli Settlements, Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Schoenbaum, David (1993), The United States and the state of Israel, Oxford University Press
  • Shriver, Peggy (2006), Evangelicals and World Affairs, World Policy Journal, Fall, 52-58.
  • Spector, Stephen, 2009, Evangelicals and Israel : the story of American Christian Zionism, Oxford University Press
  • Steding, William (2014), Presidential Faith and Foreign Policy: Jimmy Carter the Disciple and Ronald Reagan the Alchemist, NY: Palsgrave Macmillan.
  • Thomas, Michael Tracy (2005), American policy toward Israel : the power and limits of beliefs, NY: Routledge.
  • Wald, Kenneth D. and Calhoun-Brown, Allison (2011), Religion and politics in the United States, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Waxman, Duv (2012) “The Real Problem in U.S.-Israeli Relations”, Center for Strategic and International Studies The Washington Quarterly, 35:2 pp. 71-87.
  • Zanotti, Jim (2017), Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief, Congressional Research Service, 7-5700, R44245.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Filiz ÇOBAN ORAN
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Eylül 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 27 Ağustos 2017
Kabul Tarihi 18 Eylül 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 6, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Çoban Oran, F. (2017). Amerikan Kimliği ve Dış Politikasında Evanjelizmin İzleri: Sosyal-İnşacı Perspektiften ABD-İsrail İlişkileri . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , 6 (3) , 2019-2037 . Retrieved from http://www.itobiad.com/tr/pub/issue/30065/336254
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Turkey Journal of Theological Studies is under the İtobiad.