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Condemnation in the Last Words of the Execution Prisoners: Texas Huntsville Prison Sample

Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 8, 2456 - 2478, 25.12.2016
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.281467

Öz

 This study aims to examine the emerging themes found in the last statements of 538 death row inmates who were executed at Texas Hunstsville Prison between 1982-2016. The study adopted mixed-method research methods that includes both quantitative and qualitative research methods. Quantitative findings of the study are as follows: 108 of 538 death row inmates denied using their right to make last statement. 73 of the rest 420 death row inmates included the theme of denial in their least statements. Only 5 of 538 death row inmates were female and there were no female death row inmates who include denial in their least statements. It is possible to categorize the qualitative data of the study as in the follwing: at the end of content analysis it was seen that 15 themes emerged and the themes of denial, defense and love have the highest frequency in terms of frequency of usage.


Kaynakça

  • Andreas, R. T. S., & Ward. J. (2008). Dealing with the ınevitable: strategies of self presentation and meaning construction in the final statements of ınmates on texas death row. Discourse Society, 19(1), 43-62.
  • Behrens, S. (2010). Language in the real world and introduction. New York: Routledge.
  • Brown, K. L., & Benningfield, M. (2008). Death row correctional officers. Experiences, perspectives, and attitudes. Criminal Justice Review, 33(4), 524-540.
  • Chaski C (2010) Linguistics as a Forensic Science: The Case of Author Identification. In Susan Behrens and Judith A. Parker (eds.). Language in the Real World. Routledge.
  • Chomsky, N. (1967). The responsibility of intellectuals. The New York Review of Books, Retrieved from http://www.nybooks.com/articles/1967/02/23/a-special-supplement-the-responsibility-of-intelle/
  • Cresswell, J. W., Plano Clark, V. L., Gutmann, M. L., & Hanson, W. E. (2003). Advanced mixed methods research designs. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research. Thousands Oaks, Calif.: Sage.
  • Death Row Inmates Information and Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/.
  • Death Row Inmates. Retrieved from http://murderpedia.org/.
  • Dörnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics. Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methodologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eaton, J. (2014). Honor on death row: Apology, remorse, and the culture of honor in the U.S. South. SAGE Open, April-June,1 –9. DOI: 10.1177/2158244014529777.
  • Foucault, M. (2015) Hapishanenin Dogusu. (6th Edition). Ankara: İmge Press.
  • Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1980). The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research (11th ed.). New York: Aldine Publishing Company.
  • Heflick, N, A. (2005) Sentenced to Die: Last Statements and Dying on Death Row, The Journal of Death and Dying, 51: 323–336.
  • Jacobs, D., Qian, Z., Carmichael, J. T., Kent, S. L. (2007). Who survives on death row? An individual and contextual analysis. American Sociologıcal Review, 72, 610–632.
  • Jones, J. S., & Beck, E. (2007). Disenfranchised grief and non-finite loss as experienced by the families of death row inmates. OMEGA, 54(4), 281-299.
  • Kastenbaum, P. (1998) Olume Yanit Var Mi?, İstanbul: Okyanus Press.
  • Kellehear, A. (2005) Ölme Uzerine Bir İnceleme. Istanbul: Bogazici Press.
  • King, K. (2004). It hurts so bad: Comparing grieving patterns of the families of murder victims with those of families of death row ınmates. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 15(2), 193-211.
  • Kübler-Ross, E. (1987) Buyumenin Son Asamasi: Olum. İstanbul: Ruh ve Madde Press
  • Luria A. (1981) Language and Cognition. Washington D. C.: V. H. Winston and Sons,
  • McCaghy, Charles H (1980). Crime in American Society. New York: Macmillan.
  • McInerney F. (2005). Filmlerde Olme. Kellehear, Allan. (2005). Ölme Üzerine Bir İnceleme. In Kellehear, A (Eds.) Istanbul: Bogazici University Press.
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. London: Sage Publication.
  • Mills and Wooster (1987)
  • Reidy, T. J., Cunnningham, M. D., & Sorensen, J. R. (2001). From death to life. Prison behavior of former death row inmates in Indiana. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 28(1), 62-82.
  • Rizza, C. (2015). Death row statements: A discourse of play. Discourse & Society, 26(1), 95- 112. DOI: 10.1177/0957926514543228.
  • Scarre, G. (2005) Olme ve Felsefe. In Kellehear, A (Eds.) Olme Uzerine Bir Inceleme (1st ed.). Istanbul: Bogazici University Press.
  • Schuck, A. R. T., & Ward, J. (2008). Dealing with the inevitable: Strategies of self-presentation and meaning construction in the final statements of inmates on Texas death row. Discourse & Society, 19(1), 43–62. DOI: 10.1177/0957926507083687.
  • Steinhauser, K. K, Clipp. E, C. McNeilly. M, Christakis, N. A., McIntyre, I. M., Tulsky, J A (2000). In Search of a Good Death: Observations of Patients, Families and Providers. Annuals of Internal Medicine. 132: 825-832.
  • Taylor, G. (1999). Guilt and remorse. In Culture and Emotion. Anthony Mastead, Agneta H. Fischer (eds.). Psychology Press.
  • Thornberg, R. (2012). Informed grounded theory. Scandinavian Journal of
  • Tooley M (1997). Time, Tense and Causation. London: Clarendon Press.
  • Upton, M. A., Carwile, T. M., & Brown, K. S. (2016). In their own words: A qualitative exploration of last statements of capital punishment ınmates in the state of Missouri, 1995–2011. OMEGA—Journal of Death and Dying, 0(0), 1–19. DOI: 10.1177/0030222816652972.
  • Uysal, B. (2016). A Review on time perception of death row inmates’ denials in their last statements in the context of forensic linguistics: The sample of Texas Huntsville Unit. OMEGA—Journal of Death and Dying, 0(0), 1–14. DOI: 10.1177/0030222816674733.
  • Wertervelt, S. D., & Cook, K. J. (2008). Coping with innocence after death row. Contexts, 7(4), 32–37.

İdam Mahkûmlarının Son Sözlerinde İnkâra Yer Verme Durumları: Teksas Huntsville Hapishanesi Örneklemi

Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 8, 2456 - 2478, 25.12.2016
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.281467

Öz

Bu çalışma, 1982-2016 yılları arasında Teksas Huntsville Hapishanesinde idam edilen 538 idam mahkûmunun son sözlerinde yer alan hâkim temaları incelemeyi amaçlamıştır. Çalışmada nitel ve nicel araştırma tekniklerine bir arada yer verilen karma yöntem kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada elde edilen başlıca nicel veriler şunlar olmuştur: 538 idam mahkûmun 108’i son söz hakkını kullanmayı reddetmiştir. Geriye kalan 420 mahkûmdan 73’ü son sözlerinde inkâr temasına yer vermiştir. Toplamda 538 mahkûmdan yalnızca 5 tanesi kadındır ve inkâra yer verenler arasında kadın mahkûm bulunmamaktadır. Çalışmanın nitel verilerini ise şöyle sınıflandırmak mümkündür: Tespit sonucunda 15 tema belirlenmiş ve yer verilme sıklığı en fazla olan temaların inkâr, savunma ve sevgi olduğu görülmüştür.

Kaynakça

  • Andreas, R. T. S., & Ward. J. (2008). Dealing with the ınevitable: strategies of self presentation and meaning construction in the final statements of ınmates on texas death row. Discourse Society, 19(1), 43-62.
  • Behrens, S. (2010). Language in the real world and introduction. New York: Routledge.
  • Brown, K. L., & Benningfield, M. (2008). Death row correctional officers. Experiences, perspectives, and attitudes. Criminal Justice Review, 33(4), 524-540.
  • Chaski C (2010) Linguistics as a Forensic Science: The Case of Author Identification. In Susan Behrens and Judith A. Parker (eds.). Language in the Real World. Routledge.
  • Chomsky, N. (1967). The responsibility of intellectuals. The New York Review of Books, Retrieved from http://www.nybooks.com/articles/1967/02/23/a-special-supplement-the-responsibility-of-intelle/
  • Cresswell, J. W., Plano Clark, V. L., Gutmann, M. L., & Hanson, W. E. (2003). Advanced mixed methods research designs. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research. Thousands Oaks, Calif.: Sage.
  • Death Row Inmates Information and Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/.
  • Death Row Inmates. Retrieved from http://murderpedia.org/.
  • Dörnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics. Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methodologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eaton, J. (2014). Honor on death row: Apology, remorse, and the culture of honor in the U.S. South. SAGE Open, April-June,1 –9. DOI: 10.1177/2158244014529777.
  • Foucault, M. (2015) Hapishanenin Dogusu. (6th Edition). Ankara: İmge Press.
  • Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1980). The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research (11th ed.). New York: Aldine Publishing Company.
  • Heflick, N, A. (2005) Sentenced to Die: Last Statements and Dying on Death Row, The Journal of Death and Dying, 51: 323–336.
  • Jacobs, D., Qian, Z., Carmichael, J. T., Kent, S. L. (2007). Who survives on death row? An individual and contextual analysis. American Sociologıcal Review, 72, 610–632.
  • Jones, J. S., & Beck, E. (2007). Disenfranchised grief and non-finite loss as experienced by the families of death row inmates. OMEGA, 54(4), 281-299.
  • Kastenbaum, P. (1998) Olume Yanit Var Mi?, İstanbul: Okyanus Press.
  • Kellehear, A. (2005) Ölme Uzerine Bir İnceleme. Istanbul: Bogazici Press.
  • King, K. (2004). It hurts so bad: Comparing grieving patterns of the families of murder victims with those of families of death row ınmates. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 15(2), 193-211.
  • Kübler-Ross, E. (1987) Buyumenin Son Asamasi: Olum. İstanbul: Ruh ve Madde Press
  • Luria A. (1981) Language and Cognition. Washington D. C.: V. H. Winston and Sons,
  • McCaghy, Charles H (1980). Crime in American Society. New York: Macmillan.
  • McInerney F. (2005). Filmlerde Olme. Kellehear, Allan. (2005). Ölme Üzerine Bir İnceleme. In Kellehear, A (Eds.) Istanbul: Bogazici University Press.
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. London: Sage Publication.
  • Mills and Wooster (1987)
  • Reidy, T. J., Cunnningham, M. D., & Sorensen, J. R. (2001). From death to life. Prison behavior of former death row inmates in Indiana. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 28(1), 62-82.
  • Rizza, C. (2015). Death row statements: A discourse of play. Discourse & Society, 26(1), 95- 112. DOI: 10.1177/0957926514543228.
  • Scarre, G. (2005) Olme ve Felsefe. In Kellehear, A (Eds.) Olme Uzerine Bir Inceleme (1st ed.). Istanbul: Bogazici University Press.
  • Schuck, A. R. T., & Ward, J. (2008). Dealing with the inevitable: Strategies of self-presentation and meaning construction in the final statements of inmates on Texas death row. Discourse & Society, 19(1), 43–62. DOI: 10.1177/0957926507083687.
  • Steinhauser, K. K, Clipp. E, C. McNeilly. M, Christakis, N. A., McIntyre, I. M., Tulsky, J A (2000). In Search of a Good Death: Observations of Patients, Families and Providers. Annuals of Internal Medicine. 132: 825-832.
  • Taylor, G. (1999). Guilt and remorse. In Culture and Emotion. Anthony Mastead, Agneta H. Fischer (eds.). Psychology Press.
  • Thornberg, R. (2012). Informed grounded theory. Scandinavian Journal of
  • Tooley M (1997). Time, Tense and Causation. London: Clarendon Press.
  • Upton, M. A., Carwile, T. M., & Brown, K. S. (2016). In their own words: A qualitative exploration of last statements of capital punishment ınmates in the state of Missouri, 1995–2011. OMEGA—Journal of Death and Dying, 0(0), 1–19. DOI: 10.1177/0030222816652972.
  • Uysal, B. (2016). A Review on time perception of death row inmates’ denials in their last statements in the context of forensic linguistics: The sample of Texas Huntsville Unit. OMEGA—Journal of Death and Dying, 0(0), 1–14. DOI: 10.1177/0030222816674733.
  • Wertervelt, S. D., & Cook, K. J. (2008). Coping with innocence after death row. Contexts, 7(4), 32–37.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Çağla ATMACA
PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ


Başak UYSAL
Gazi Üniversitesi

Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Aralık 2016
Başvuru Tarihi 26 Aralık 2016
Kabul Tarihi 16 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 8

Kaynak Göster

APA Atmaca, Ç. & Uysal, B. (2016). İdam Mahkûmlarının Son Sözlerinde İnkâra Yer Verme Durumları: Teksas Huntsville Hapishanesi Örneklemi . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , 5 (8) , 2456-2478 . DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.281467
  • 13873 13860 13861 13864138631386513866 

  • 13867 13868 13869 13870 1387122476

Turkey Journal of Theological Studies is under the İtobiad.