Araştırma Makalesi
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The Relationship Between Education and Selfishness: The Case of Dumlupınar University

Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 7, 1892 - 1904, 29.10.2016
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.259351

Öz

The global crisis has raised serious concerns about that education system devoid of religious and moral values, especially economics and mangement studying, has negative effects on social, political and economics life. Some papers have founded that students of economics and business management are more rational, in other words, more selfish than students of other disciplines. This paper claims that students of theology are less selfish, in other words, more fairness and cooperativeness than students of other departments. To this end, the paper examines relationship between selfishness and education in the Faculty of Economics, Theology and Arts and Sciences by a questionnaire survey. This paper shows that there is significantly differences among disipliniaries on selfishness. Especially, studying economics might make students more selfish than other disipliniaries. On the other hand, theology students focusing religional and ethical values might tend to be much more fair than the others.

Kaynakça

  • Bauman, Y. and Rose, E. (2011). “Selection or Indoctrination: Why Do Economics Students Donate Less than the Rest?” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 79, 318-327.
  • Benz, M. and Meier, S. (2008). “Do People Behave in Experiments As in the field? Evidence from Donations”. Experimental Economics 11, 268–281.
  • Carter, J. and Irons, M. (1991). “Are Economists Different, And If So, Why?”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 5, 171-177.
  • Cipriani G.P., Lubian D., and Zago, A. (2009). “Natural Born Economists?”, Journal of Economic Psychology 30, 455–468.
  • Cox, S. R., (1998). “Are Business and Economics Students Taught to Be Noncooperative?”, Journal of Education for Business, 74:2,69-74.
  • Faravelli, M. (2007), “How Context Matters: A Survey Based Experiment on Distributive Justice”, Journal of Public Economics 91, 1399–1422.
  • Frank, B. and Schulze, G. G. (2000). “Does Economics Make Citizens Corrupt?”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 43, 101-13.
  • Frank, R., Gilovich, T. and Regan, D. (1993). “Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 7, 159-71.
  • Frank, R., Gilovich, T., and Regan, D. (1996). “Do Economists Make Bad Citizens?”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 10, 187-92.
  • Frey, B.S. and Meier, S. (2004). “Pro-social Behavior in A Natural Setting”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 54, 65–88.
  • Frey, B.S., and Pommerehne, W.W. (1993). “On the Fairness of Pricing–An Empirical Survey Among The General Population”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 20, 295–307.
  • Gürbüz, S. ve Şahin, F. (2015). Sosyal Bilimlerde Araştırma Yöntemleri, Felsefe-Yöntem-Analiz, 2. Baskı, Seçkin Yayınevi, Ankara.
  • Haucap, J., Just, T. (2003). “Not Guilty? Another Look at the Nature and Nurture of Economics Students”, University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg Department of Economics (Discussion Paper No. 8).
  • Hole, A.D., (2013). “How Do Economists Differ from Others in Distributive Situations?” Nordic Journal of Political Economy 38(4).
  • Jones, T. M., Thomas, T.. Agle, B.. & Ehreth. J. (1990). “Graduate Business Education and the Moral Development of MBA Students: Theory and Preliminary Results”, Paper presented at the annual meeting to the International Association for Business and Society. San Diego, CA.
  • Kahneman, D., Knetsch, J. and Thaler, R. (1986). “Fairness and the Assumptions of Economics”, Journal of Business 59, 286-300.
  • Laband, D.N. and Beil, R. O. (1999). “Are Economists More Selfish than Other Social Scientists?”, Public Choice, Vol. 100, 85–101.
  • Lopes, J.C., Graça, J. C. and Correia, R. G. (2015). “Effects of Economic Education on Social and Political Values, Beliefs and Attitudes: Results from a Survey in Portugal”, Procedia Economics and Finance 30, 468-475.
  • Marwell, G. and Ames, R. (1981). “Economists Free Ride, Does Anyone Else?: Experiments on the Provision of Public Goods”, Journal of Public Economics, 15, pp.295-310.
  • Reinhard S. and Ockenfels, A. (1998). “An Experimental Solidarity Game”, Journal of Economic Behavior&Organization, Vol.34, 517-539.
  • Rubinstein, A. (2006). “A Sceptic’s Comment on the Study of Economics”, The Economic Journal, 116, 1-9.
  • Sam, A., Bosshardt, W. and Watts, M. (2010). “Is Economics Coursework, or Majorıng in Economics, Associated with Different Civic Behaviors?”, Journal of Economic Education, Staff Report 450.
  • Sequino S., Stevens, T. and Lutz M. A. (1996). “Gender and Cooperative Behavior: Economic Man Rides Alone”, Feminist Economics, 2(1), 1–21.
  • Stanley, T.D., and Tran, U. (1998). “Economics Students Need Not Be Greedy: Fairness and the Ultimatum Game”, Journal of Socio-Economics, Volume 27, No. 6, 657-664.
  • Wang, L., Malhotra, D. and Murnighan, J. K. (2011). “Economics Education and Greed”. Academy of Management Learning & Education 10, 643-660.

Eğitim ile Bencillik Arasındaki İlişki: Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Örneği

Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 7, 1892 - 1904, 29.10.2016
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.259351

Öz

Literatürde iktisat ve işletme öğrencilerinin diğer disiplinlerin öğrencilerinden daha bencil oldukları sonucuna ulaşan çalışmalar yer almaktadır. Özellikle küresel finansal kriz, ekonomi eğitiminin etik değerler üzerinde olumsuz etkilerinin olduğu hakkında ciddi endişelere yol açmıştır Bu çalışmanın amacı, anket yardımıyla ekonomi eğitimi alan öğrencilerin daha bencil olup olmadıklarını diğer disiplinlerin öğrencileri ile karşılaştırarak analiz etmektir. Anket, Kütahya Dumlupınar Üniversitesinin iktisat, işletme, uygulamalı bilimler, sosyoloji ve ilahiyat gibi beş farklı bölümündeki 435 öğrenciye uygulanmıştır. Bu çalışma, bencillik konusunda disiplinler arasında anlamlı farklılıkların olduğunu göstermiştir. Özellikle, ekonomi çalışmak, öğrencileri diğer disiplinlere nazaran daha bencil yapabilmektedir. Diğer taraftan, dini ve ahlaki değerlere odaklı ilahiyat öğrencileri ise diğerlerine göre çok daha fazla insaflı olma eğilimi taşıyabilmektedirler.

Kaynakça

  • Bauman, Y. and Rose, E. (2011). “Selection or Indoctrination: Why Do Economics Students Donate Less than the Rest?” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 79, 318-327.
  • Benz, M. and Meier, S. (2008). “Do People Behave in Experiments As in the field? Evidence from Donations”. Experimental Economics 11, 268–281.
  • Carter, J. and Irons, M. (1991). “Are Economists Different, And If So, Why?”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 5, 171-177.
  • Cipriani G.P., Lubian D., and Zago, A. (2009). “Natural Born Economists?”, Journal of Economic Psychology 30, 455–468.
  • Cox, S. R., (1998). “Are Business and Economics Students Taught to Be Noncooperative?”, Journal of Education for Business, 74:2,69-74.
  • Faravelli, M. (2007), “How Context Matters: A Survey Based Experiment on Distributive Justice”, Journal of Public Economics 91, 1399–1422.
  • Frank, B. and Schulze, G. G. (2000). “Does Economics Make Citizens Corrupt?”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 43, 101-13.
  • Frank, R., Gilovich, T. and Regan, D. (1993). “Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 7, 159-71.
  • Frank, R., Gilovich, T., and Regan, D. (1996). “Do Economists Make Bad Citizens?”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 10, 187-92.
  • Frey, B.S. and Meier, S. (2004). “Pro-social Behavior in A Natural Setting”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 54, 65–88.
  • Frey, B.S., and Pommerehne, W.W. (1993). “On the Fairness of Pricing–An Empirical Survey Among The General Population”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 20, 295–307.
  • Gürbüz, S. ve Şahin, F. (2015). Sosyal Bilimlerde Araştırma Yöntemleri, Felsefe-Yöntem-Analiz, 2. Baskı, Seçkin Yayınevi, Ankara.
  • Haucap, J., Just, T. (2003). “Not Guilty? Another Look at the Nature and Nurture of Economics Students”, University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg Department of Economics (Discussion Paper No. 8).
  • Hole, A.D., (2013). “How Do Economists Differ from Others in Distributive Situations?” Nordic Journal of Political Economy 38(4).
  • Jones, T. M., Thomas, T.. Agle, B.. & Ehreth. J. (1990). “Graduate Business Education and the Moral Development of MBA Students: Theory and Preliminary Results”, Paper presented at the annual meeting to the International Association for Business and Society. San Diego, CA.
  • Kahneman, D., Knetsch, J. and Thaler, R. (1986). “Fairness and the Assumptions of Economics”, Journal of Business 59, 286-300.
  • Laband, D.N. and Beil, R. O. (1999). “Are Economists More Selfish than Other Social Scientists?”, Public Choice, Vol. 100, 85–101.
  • Lopes, J.C., Graça, J. C. and Correia, R. G. (2015). “Effects of Economic Education on Social and Political Values, Beliefs and Attitudes: Results from a Survey in Portugal”, Procedia Economics and Finance 30, 468-475.
  • Marwell, G. and Ames, R. (1981). “Economists Free Ride, Does Anyone Else?: Experiments on the Provision of Public Goods”, Journal of Public Economics, 15, pp.295-310.
  • Reinhard S. and Ockenfels, A. (1998). “An Experimental Solidarity Game”, Journal of Economic Behavior&Organization, Vol.34, 517-539.
  • Rubinstein, A. (2006). “A Sceptic’s Comment on the Study of Economics”, The Economic Journal, 116, 1-9.
  • Sam, A., Bosshardt, W. and Watts, M. (2010). “Is Economics Coursework, or Majorıng in Economics, Associated with Different Civic Behaviors?”, Journal of Economic Education, Staff Report 450.
  • Sequino S., Stevens, T. and Lutz M. A. (1996). “Gender and Cooperative Behavior: Economic Man Rides Alone”, Feminist Economics, 2(1), 1–21.
  • Stanley, T.D., and Tran, U. (1998). “Economics Students Need Not Be Greedy: Fairness and the Ultimatum Game”, Journal of Socio-Economics, Volume 27, No. 6, 657-664.
  • Wang, L., Malhotra, D. and Murnighan, J. K. (2011). “Economics Education and Greed”. Academy of Management Learning & Education 10, 643-660.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ali ŞEN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Ekim 2016
Başvuru Tarihi 27 Ekim 2016
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 7

Kaynak Göster

APA Şen, A. (2016). Eğitim ile Bencillik Arasındaki İlişki: Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Örneği . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , [Gelecek İçin Bilimsel İşbirliği Uluslararası Konferansı Özel Sayısı] Ekim– 2016 , 1892-1904 . DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.259351
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Turkey Journal of Theological Studies is under the İtobiad.