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Analysis of Turkey’s Competitiveness in Live Animals, Meat and Seafood Exports

Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 7, 1843 - 1864, 29.10.2016
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.259288

Öz

On the product basis, one of the most important indicators which is able to use in order to measure of export competitiveness of countries is “revealed comparative advantage (RCA) indexes”. RCA indexes can be calculated by using Balassa Index and/or Vollrath Index. The results greater than 1 show that the country has competitive advantage in the export of the production in question. In the paper, between 1993-2014, it is aimed to determine the competitiveness in the export of live animals, meat products and seafoods. In this context, RCA indexes (Balassa Index and Vollrath Index) related to the export of 37 products are calculated. The results indicate the condition mainly competitive disadvantage in the export of these products.

Kaynakça

  • Balassa, B. (1965). Trade Liberalization and Revealed Comparative Advantage, The Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, 33(2).
  • Banterle, A. (2005). Competitiveness and Agri-Food Trade:An Empirical Analysis in The European Union, 11.Congress of European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE)-The Future of Rural Europe in The Global Agri-Food System , Cophenagen, Denmark’den;
  • Beningo, S. (2005). Trade and Transportation Between the United States and China,and Between the United States and India, 2006 Conference of the Society of Government Economists , Washington.
  • Coxhead, I. (2007). A New Resource Curse?Impacts of China’s Boom on Comparative Advantage and Resource Dependence in Southeast Asia, World Development, 35(7).
  • Cutrini, E. (2005). The Balassa İndeks Meets the Theil Index: A Decomposition Methodology for Logation Studies
  • http://www.ersa.org/ersaconfs/ersa05/papers/123.pdf (Erişim arihi:11.01.2008).
  • De Rosa, Dean A. (1996). Agricultural Trade and Rural Development in The Middle East and North Africa-Recent Developments and Prospects, Fourth Annual World Bank Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development on ‘Rural Well-Being: From Vision to Action’, Washington.
  • Erkan, B., Et al. (2015). Türkiye’nin Sebze İhracatında Karşılaştırmalı Üstünlükleri, KSÜ Doğa Bil. Derg., 18(4).
  • Havrila, I., Guanawarda, P. (2003). Analysing Comparative Advantage and Competitiveness:An Application to Australian’s Textile and Clothing Industries, Australian Economic Papers, 42(1).
  • Hinloopen, J., Et al. (2004). P-P plots and the Harmonic Mass indeks:an application to comparative advantage, 30 July 2004 Seminar at the University of Adelaide, Australia.
  • Hinloopen, J.,Et al. (2001). On the empirical distribution of the Balassa Index, Review of World Economics, 137(1).
  • Chang, C. (1999). A Partial Equilibrium Analysis on the Effects of Trade Liberalization in APEC Food Sector, APEC Study Centre Consortium-1999 Conference, The APEC Food System and its Implications, Auckland.
  • Küçükkiremitçi, O. (2006). Sanayi Sektörünün Dış Ticaret Performansının Rekabet Gücüne Göre Değerlendirilmesi (1995-2005 Dönemi). Ulusal Bağımsızlık İçin Türkiye İktisat Politikaları Kurultayı, Malatya.
  • Langhammer, R. (2006). Revealed Comparative Advantages in Service Trade of the USA,EU,and Japan.What Do They Tell Us?,
  • http://opus.zbw-kiel.de/volltexte/2006/4005/pdf/langhammer_advantages.pdf (Erişim Tarihi:22.01.2008).
  • Lederman, D. (2006). Latin America’s Trade Specialization and China and India’s Growth,
  • http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLACOFFICEOFCE/Resources/LACspecializationpattern.pdf (Erişim Tarihi:13.12.2008).
  • Mahmood, A. (2000). Export Specialization and Competitiveness of the Malaysian Manufacturing: Trends,Challenges and Prospects, Conference on International Trade Education and Research (CITER5)-Managing Globalisation for Prosperity, Melbourne.
  • Mykhnenko, V. (2005). What Type of Capitalism in Eastern Europe?Institutional Structures,Revealed Comparative Advantages,and Performance of Poland and Ukraine, Centre for Public Policy for Regions (CPPR) Discussion Paper, 6.
  • Pitts, E-Lagnevik, M. What Determines Food Industry Competitiveness? In W.B. Traill and E. Pitts (eds)”, Competitiveness in The Food Industry, Blackie Academic&ProfessionaL.
  • Porter, M. (1991). Towards a Dynamic Theory of Strategy. Strategic Management Journal 12.
  • Saxena, S.B. ve Lozac’h, V.S. (2010). Competitiveness in the Garment and Textile Industry: Creating a Supportive Environment: A Case Study of Bangladesh. The Asian Foundation, Occasional Paper No:1.
  • Utkulu, U. (2005). Türkiye’ nin Dış Ticareti ve Değişen Mukayeseli Üstünlükler, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Yayınları, İzmir.
  • Vollrath, T.L. (1991). A Theoretical Evaluation of Alternative Trade Intensity Measures of Revealed Comparative Advantage, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 130.
  • Widgren, M. (2006). Challenges Created by the New EU Member States and Third Countries, Prime Minister’s Office Economic Council of Finland, Finland.
  • Yılmaz, B., Et al. (2003). The Foreign Trade Pattern and Foreign Trade Specialization of Candidates of The European Union, Ezoneplus Working Paper, Fifth Framework Programme-European Commission, 19.
  • http://comtrade.un.org/db/dqBasicQuery.aspx (Erişim Tarihi:13.07.2016).

Türkiye’nin Canlı Hayvan, Et ve Deniz Ürünleri İhracatındaki Rekabet Gücünün Analizi

Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 7, 1843 - 1864, 29.10.2016
https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.259288

Öz

Ülkelerin ürün bazında ihracat rekabet gücünün ölçümü amacıyla kullanılabilecek en önemli göstergelerden birisi “açıklanmış karşılaştırmalı üstünlük (AKÜ) katsayıları” dır. AKÜ katsayıları Balassa İndeksi ve/veya Vollrath İndeksi kullanılarak hesaplanabilir. Sonucun 1’den büyük olması söz konusu ürünün ihracatında ülkenin rekabet avantajına sahip olduğunu gösterir. Çalışmada, 1993-2014 yılları arasında Türkiye’nin canlı hayvan, et ürünleri ve deniz ürünleri ihracatındaki rekabet gücünün belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu bağlamda, 37 ürünün ihracatına ilişkin AKÜ katsayıları (Balassa İndeksi ve Vollrath İndeksi) hesaplanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar, söz konusu ürünlerin ihracatında ağırlıklı olarak rekabet dezavantajı durumunu işaret etmektedir.             

Kaynakça

  • Balassa, B. (1965). Trade Liberalization and Revealed Comparative Advantage, The Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, 33(2).
  • Banterle, A. (2005). Competitiveness and Agri-Food Trade:An Empirical Analysis in The European Union, 11.Congress of European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE)-The Future of Rural Europe in The Global Agri-Food System , Cophenagen, Denmark’den;
  • Beningo, S. (2005). Trade and Transportation Between the United States and China,and Between the United States and India, 2006 Conference of the Society of Government Economists , Washington.
  • Coxhead, I. (2007). A New Resource Curse?Impacts of China’s Boom on Comparative Advantage and Resource Dependence in Southeast Asia, World Development, 35(7).
  • Cutrini, E. (2005). The Balassa İndeks Meets the Theil Index: A Decomposition Methodology for Logation Studies
  • http://www.ersa.org/ersaconfs/ersa05/papers/123.pdf (Erişim arihi:11.01.2008).
  • De Rosa, Dean A. (1996). Agricultural Trade and Rural Development in The Middle East and North Africa-Recent Developments and Prospects, Fourth Annual World Bank Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development on ‘Rural Well-Being: From Vision to Action’, Washington.
  • Erkan, B., Et al. (2015). Türkiye’nin Sebze İhracatında Karşılaştırmalı Üstünlükleri, KSÜ Doğa Bil. Derg., 18(4).
  • Havrila, I., Guanawarda, P. (2003). Analysing Comparative Advantage and Competitiveness:An Application to Australian’s Textile and Clothing Industries, Australian Economic Papers, 42(1).
  • Hinloopen, J., Et al. (2004). P-P plots and the Harmonic Mass indeks:an application to comparative advantage, 30 July 2004 Seminar at the University of Adelaide, Australia.
  • Hinloopen, J.,Et al. (2001). On the empirical distribution of the Balassa Index, Review of World Economics, 137(1).
  • Chang, C. (1999). A Partial Equilibrium Analysis on the Effects of Trade Liberalization in APEC Food Sector, APEC Study Centre Consortium-1999 Conference, The APEC Food System and its Implications, Auckland.
  • Küçükkiremitçi, O. (2006). Sanayi Sektörünün Dış Ticaret Performansının Rekabet Gücüne Göre Değerlendirilmesi (1995-2005 Dönemi). Ulusal Bağımsızlık İçin Türkiye İktisat Politikaları Kurultayı, Malatya.
  • Langhammer, R. (2006). Revealed Comparative Advantages in Service Trade of the USA,EU,and Japan.What Do They Tell Us?,
  • http://opus.zbw-kiel.de/volltexte/2006/4005/pdf/langhammer_advantages.pdf (Erişim Tarihi:22.01.2008).
  • Lederman, D. (2006). Latin America’s Trade Specialization and China and India’s Growth,
  • http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLACOFFICEOFCE/Resources/LACspecializationpattern.pdf (Erişim Tarihi:13.12.2008).
  • Mahmood, A. (2000). Export Specialization and Competitiveness of the Malaysian Manufacturing: Trends,Challenges and Prospects, Conference on International Trade Education and Research (CITER5)-Managing Globalisation for Prosperity, Melbourne.
  • Mykhnenko, V. (2005). What Type of Capitalism in Eastern Europe?Institutional Structures,Revealed Comparative Advantages,and Performance of Poland and Ukraine, Centre for Public Policy for Regions (CPPR) Discussion Paper, 6.
  • Pitts, E-Lagnevik, M. What Determines Food Industry Competitiveness? In W.B. Traill and E. Pitts (eds)”, Competitiveness in The Food Industry, Blackie Academic&ProfessionaL.
  • Porter, M. (1991). Towards a Dynamic Theory of Strategy. Strategic Management Journal 12.
  • Saxena, S.B. ve Lozac’h, V.S. (2010). Competitiveness in the Garment and Textile Industry: Creating a Supportive Environment: A Case Study of Bangladesh. The Asian Foundation, Occasional Paper No:1.
  • Utkulu, U. (2005). Türkiye’ nin Dış Ticareti ve Değişen Mukayeseli Üstünlükler, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Yayınları, İzmir.
  • Vollrath, T.L. (1991). A Theoretical Evaluation of Alternative Trade Intensity Measures of Revealed Comparative Advantage, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 130.
  • Widgren, M. (2006). Challenges Created by the New EU Member States and Third Countries, Prime Minister’s Office Economic Council of Finland, Finland.
  • Yılmaz, B., Et al. (2003). The Foreign Trade Pattern and Foreign Trade Specialization of Candidates of The European Union, Ezoneplus Working Paper, Fifth Framework Programme-European Commission, 19.
  • http://comtrade.un.org/db/dqBasicQuery.aspx (Erişim Tarihi:13.07.2016).

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Birol ERKAN

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Ekim 2016
Başvuru Tarihi 27 Ekim 2016
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 5, Sayı 7

Kaynak Göster

APA Erkan, B. (2016). Türkiye’nin Canlı Hayvan, Et ve Deniz Ürünleri İhracatındaki Rekabet Gücünün Analizi . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , [Gelecek İçin Bilimsel İşbirliği Uluslararası Konferansı Özel Sayısı] Ekim– 2016 , 1843-1864 . DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.259288
  • 13873 13860 13861 13864138631386513866 

  • 13867 13868 13869 13870 1387122476

Turkey Journal of Theological Studies is under the İtobiad.