Year 2019, Volume 8 , Issue 3, Pages 2177 - 2202 2019-09-30

Foreign Policy Followed by the U.S. in The European Energy Market: Shale Gas Revolution and LNG Thrust Against The Russian Dominance
ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi

Efe SIVIŞ [1]


Considering the capacity of the European gas market and that Russia is the main gas supplier; this paper reveals that the European gas market remains an unused resource for the North American gas, which is still in the development process. The study provides a broad and extensive general viewpoint to the U.S. and Russian relationships specific to the energy sector within a geopolitical framework and also emphasizes the importance of the European energy market for the energy politics of both U.S. and Russia. In the paper, it is aimed to analyze the U.S. foreign policy within the frame of the concepts of securitization theory and energy security. As a method in the study, energy policies of the U.S. concerning the region were analyzed within the frame of the concept of regionalism. The study results anticipate that the U.S.’ interest in the European natural gas markets is beyond ‘assisting’ in just reducing the Europe’s dependence on the Russian natural gas and the ultimate foreign policy goal of the U.S. is to be a prominent natural gas supplier of Europe.  

Bu makale, Avrupa gaz pazarının kapasitesini ve Rusya'nın ana gaz tedarikçisi olduğunu göz önünde bulundurmak suretiyle, Avrupa gaz pazarının halen gelişme sürecinde olan Kuzey Amerika gazı için henüz yararlanılmamış bir kaynak olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Çalışma, ABD ve Rusya’nın enerji sektörü özelinde ilişkilerine jeopolitik çerçevede geniş ve kapsamlı genel bir bakış sunmakta, diğer yandan hem ABD hem de Rusya’nın enerji politikası için Avrupa enerji piyasasının önemini vurgulamaktadır. Makalede, güvenlikleştirme teorisi ve enerji güvenliği kavramları çerçevesinde ABD’nin dış politikasının analiz edilmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Çalışmada yöntem olarak ABD’nin bölgeye ilişkin enerji politikaları bölgeselcilik kavramı çerçevesinde analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmanın sonucu, ABD’nin Avrupa doğal gaz piyasalarındaki çıkarının, yalnızca Avrupa’nın Rus doğal gazına olan bağımlılığını azaltma konusunda ‘yardım etmenin’ ötesinde olduğunu, ABD’nin nihai dış politika hedefinin Avrupa’nın önde gelen bir doğal gaz tedarikçisi olarak tebarüz etmek olduğunu öngörmektedir. 

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Primary Language tr
Subjects International Relations
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1553-3554
Author: Efe SIVIŞ (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { itobiad581534, journal = {İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-1185}, address = {}, publisher = {Mustafa YİĞİTOĞLU}, year = {2019}, volume = {8}, pages = {2177 - 2202}, doi = {10.15869/itobiad.581534}, title = {ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi}, key = {cite}, author = {SIVIŞ, Efe} }
APA SIVIŞ, E . (2019). ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi. İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , 8 (3) , 2177-2202 . DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.581534
MLA SIVIŞ, E . "ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi". İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 8 (2019 ): 2177-2202 <http://www.itobiad.com/en/issue/47378/581534>
Chicago SIVIŞ, E . "ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi". İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 8 (2019 ): 2177-2202
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi AU - Efe SIVIŞ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.15869/itobiad.581534 DO - 10.15869/itobiad.581534 T2 - İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 2177 EP - 2202 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -2147-1185 M3 - doi: 10.15869/itobiad.581534 UR - https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.581534 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi %A Efe SIVIŞ %T ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi %D 2019 %J İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -2147-1185 %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.15869/itobiad.581534 %U 10.15869/itobiad.581534
ISNAD SIVIŞ, Efe . "ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi". İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 8 / 3 (September 2019): 2177-2202 . https://doi.org/10.15869/itobiad.581534
AMA SIVIŞ E . ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi. itobiad. 2019; 8(3): 2177-2202.
Vancouver SIVIŞ E . ABD'nin Avrupa Enerji Pazarına Yönelik İzlediği Dış Politika: Kaya Gazı Devrimi ve Avrupa Pazarında Rus Hâkimiyetine Karşı LNG Hamlesi. İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 8(3): 2202-2177.